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Publications
Working Papers

Young Gazelles and Aging Turtles: Understanding the Determinants of Employment Creation in the Labor Market in MENA Countries

Hassan Aly, Yousef Daoud, Amr Ragab and Ayhab Saad

The Middle East region has suffered from major unemployment problems that constituted a chief determinant for the Arab Spring.  Even during its best economic years, “jobless growth” was an issue. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Information and Communication Technologies and Employment Generation in Turkish Manufacturing Industry

Yilmaz Kilicaslan and Ünal Töngür

This study aims to examine the impact of the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on employment generation in the Turkish manufacturing industry. This study is said to be ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Education and the Allocation of Time of Married Women in Iran

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani and Sara Taghvatalab

In the past two decades Iranian women have become much better educated and reduced their childbearing by more than two thirds, but their participation in market work has hardly increased. ... read more


Blog & News

Entrepreneurship: Tackling Social Challenges

Egypt: Youth Essay Competition A dynamic Private Sector and Entrepreneurship are vital for growth, economic development, and job creation. In the current socioeconomic context, social entrepreneurship can play an important factor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Cash Transfers and Labor Supply: Evidence from A Large-Scale Program in Iran

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani and Mohammad H. Mostafavi-Dehzooei

We study the impact of a nation-wide unconditional cash transfer program on labor supply in Iran. In 2011, the government started monthly deposits of cash into individual family accounts amounting ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of Early Marriage on Women’s Employment in the Middle East and North Africa

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft and Irène Selwaness

Marriage is a central stage in the transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This paper builds on the existing literature on the effect of marriage ... read more


Blog & News

Youth and Vulnerability in the Middle East

ERF invites affiliates and non-ERF affiliates to submit proposals that enhance the understanding of youth vulnerability issues relevant to the region. The proposals may address any of the following sub-themes ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Political Connections Reduce Job Creation? Evidence from Lebanon

Ishac Diwan and Jamal Ibrahim Haidar

Using firm-level census data, we determine how politically-connected firms (PCFs) reduce job creation in Lebanon. After observing that large firms account for the bulk of net job creation, we find ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities

Caroline Krafft

Can declining employment opportunities for women reverse the fertility transition? This paper presents new evidence that the demographic transition has not just stalled, but in fact reversed in Egypt. After ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Twins, Family Size, and Female Labor Force Participation in Iran

Mahdi Majbouri

Despite the rapid rise of women’s education and the fall of their fertility rates in Iran, female labor force participation remains low. This paper uses twins at first birth as ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of the Turkish Employment Subsidy Programs on Increasing the Level of Social Protection For Women

Binnur Balkan, Seyit Mümin Cilasun and Belgi Turan

This paper investigates the impact of the employment subsidy program implemented in 2008 by Turkish government to generate new employment opportunities for women and young men. More precisely, using a ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Pensions Reduce the Incentive to Work? Evidence From Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong

In this study, we investigate the impact of the receipt of contributory and social pensions on labor supply in Egypt using fixed-effects regressions and panel data from the Egypt Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Survivors’ Benefits on Poverty and Health Indicators of Women and Children in Widowed-Mother Households: A Turkish Case Study

Oznur Ozdamar and Eleftherios Giovanis

Survivors' benefits are cash payments made by government to family members when a worker dies. His or her spouse and unmarried children are entitled to receive these cash benefits. The ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Does Microcredit Reduce Gender Gap in Employment? An Application of Decomposition Analysis to Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong

In this paper, we examine the impact of microcredit on labor supply of men and women and subsequently investigate whether microcredit can reduce employment gap between men and women in ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do International Remittances Affect the Performance of Labor Market in Jordan? An Empirical Investigation

Ghazi Alassaf

The current study examines the effect of international remittances on labor supply decisions of women and men left behind in Jordan. The study draws on micro-data from the Jordan Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Employment Effects of Productivity Improvement and Migration of Skilled Workers

Brahim Saber

This paper studies the employment of unskilled labor effects on skilled labor productivity improvements, alternatively with and without skilled migration between two countries under the assumption that the level of ... read more