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Blog & News

Youth and Vulnerability in the Middle East

ERF invites affiliates and non-ERF affiliates to submit proposals that enhance the understanding of youth vulnerability issues relevant to the region. The proposals may address any of the following sub-themes ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Correlates of Kin Marriage in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia

Rania Salem and Sarah Shah

Although kin marriage is widely practiced in the MENA, the rationales that are thought to motivate kin marriage have not been widely tested. We test three rationales for kin unions ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

The Impact of Emigration on MENA Labor Markets

Anda David and Mohamed Ali Marouani

In a Nutshell The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has seen large volumes of workers leaving their country of origin with, almost 6% of the region’s population migrating in ... read more


Blog & News

Publications
Working Papers

Does International Migration Help Them Marry earlier? A Hazard Model for the Case of Egypt

Anda David and Rana Hendy

Marriage represents an important step of entering adulthood in the Egyptian society and its delay often results in tensions and frustration among youth. Considering migration as a predetermined strategy to ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Why is Fertility on the Rise in Egypt? The Role of Women’s Employment Opportunities

Caroline Krafft

Can declining employment opportunities for women reverse the fertility transition? This paper presents new evidence that the demographic transition has not just stalled, but in fact reversed in Egypt. After ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Twins, Family Size, and Female Labor Force Participation in Iran

Mahdi Majbouri

Despite the rapid rise of women’s education and the fall of their fertility rates in Iran, female labor force participation remains low. This paper uses twins at first birth as ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Labor Market Regulations: Job Security versus Labor Flexibility

Jackline Wahba

In a nutshell Labor laws aim to protect workers and increase labor market efficiency. However, over-protective labor regulations may result in higher informality and unemployment, as well as in hurting outsiders (usually ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Caracteristiques des Chomeurs et Inefficience d’Appariement sur les Marches Regionaux: SFA, CAS de la Tunisie

Besma Jellali

L’objectif de ce travail est d’estimer le processus d’appariement mettant en relation le nombre d’embauches en fonction d’un stock donné de postes vacants et de chômeurs, à partir des données ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Demographic Changes and Fiscal Policy in MENA Countries

Mehmet Serkan Tosun

In this study, I examine the links between demographic change and fiscal policy in MENA countries, focusing specifically on the economic impacts coming from the conflict between social security and ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Pensions Reduce the Incentive to Work? Evidence From Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong

In this study, we investigate the impact of the receipt of contributory and social pensions on labor supply in Egypt using fixed-effects regressions and panel data from the Egypt Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Survivors’ Benefits on Poverty and Health Indicators of Women and Children in Widowed-Mother Households: A Turkish Case Study

Oznur Ozdamar and Eleftherios Giovanis

Survivors' benefits are cash payments made by government to family members when a worker dies. His or her spouse and unmarried children are entitled to receive these cash benefits. The ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Does Microcredit Reduce Gender Gap in Employment? An Application of Decomposition Analysis to Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong

In this paper, we examine the impact of microcredit on labor supply of men and women and subsequently investigate whether microcredit can reduce employment gap between men and women in ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Employment and Rates of Return to Education in Arab Countries Gender and Public Sector Perspectives

Zafiris Tzannatos

In a nutshell  Two interconnected challenges for the Arab region are how to increase the low participation of women in the labor market and reduce its historic reliance on the public ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Rates of Return to Education in Twenty Two Arab Countries: An Update and Comparison between MENA and the Rest of the World

Zafiris Tzannatos, Ishac Diwan and Joanna Abdel Ahad

Using a unique dataset, the study fills an important empirical gap in discussions about labor outcomes in the Arab region by estimating the rates of return to education (RoRE) for ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Determinants of Contribution Density of the Tunisian Pension System: A Cross Sectional Analysis

Mehdi Ben Braham and Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper presents an analysis of pension coverage in Tunisia based on density contribution. This approach is justified by the fact that coverage rates usually used do not give a ... read more