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Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Mothers’ Employment on Youth Gender Role Attitudes: Evidence From Egypt

Maia Sieverding, Rania Roushdy and May Gadallah

Cross-nationally, having a working mother during childhood is associated with more egalitarian attitudes among both adult men and women. However, no previous studies have explored this relationship in the Middle ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Young People’s Gender Role Attitudes Over the Transition to Adulthood in Egypt

May Gadallah, Rania Roushdy and Maia Sieverding

Change in gender role attitudes is a neglected dimension of research on the transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa that has broad implications for young ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Public Sector on Private Jobs: Evidence From the Occupied West Bank

Belal Fallah

This paper estimates the short run effect of creating more public jobs on private employment in the occupied West Bank. Unlike most cited research, the results provide evidence that favors ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Education and the Allocation of Time of Married Women in Iran

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani and Sara Taghvatalab

In the past two decades Iranian women have become much better educated and reduced their childbearing by more than two thirds, but their participation in market work has hardly increased. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Economic Response of Rural Areas to Local Supply Shock: Evidence From Palestine

Belal Fallah

This paper examines the economic effect of return commuting from the Israeli labor market on non-commuters in rural areas of the Occupied West Bank. The results show that returned commuting, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Historical Legacies and Gender Attitudes in the Middle East

Veronica Kostenko, Eduard Ponarin, Musa Shteiwi and Olga Strebkova

This paper focuses on transformations of gender attitudes in a set of Arab societies covered by the Arab Barometer. We analyze age and cohort differences in thirteen countries using generalized ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Patriarchal Culture on Women’s Labor Force Participation

Ishac Diwan and Irina Vartanova

We show that measures of patriarchal culture are correlated with female labor force participation (FLFP) and that levels of women education, together with personal values and country norms in regard ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Arab Spring and the Employability of Youth: Early Evidence From Egypt

Irène Selwaness and Rania Roushdy

This paper investigates the school-to-work transition of young people from subsequent graduation cohorts between 2005 and 2012 in Egypt. The analysis compares the early employment ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of Early Marriage on Women’s Employment in the Middle East and North Africa

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft and Irène Selwaness

Marriage is a central stage in the transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This paper builds on the existing literature on the effect of marriage ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

On The Impact of Labor Tax Reforms on Unemployment in Tunisia

Sami Bibi

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of tax reforms on unemployment and wages. Since the characterization of labor market is always a problematic issue, the impact ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Does Classroom Gender Composition Affect School Dropout?

Gokce Uysal, Tuba Toru Delibasi, Bulent Anil and Duygu Guner

Measuring the gender peer effects on student achievement has recently attracted a lot of attention in the literature. Yet, the results are inconclusive. A substantial amount of research shows that ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Transitions in Late-Life Living Arrangements and Socio-economic Conditions of the Elderly in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia

Aurora Angeli and Marco Novelli

Middle East and North Africa’s demographic trends reveal together a growing ageing population and an exceptional growth of the youth population. Increasing elderly population leads to significant consequences for the ... read more


Publications

Publications
Working Papers

The Determinants of Child Labor in Urban Turkey

Meltem Dayioglu Tayfur and Ragui Assaad

The main challenge tackled by this study is to estimate a structural equation for children’s employment as a function of parental and own wages, which are assumed to be simultaneously ... read more


Events
Training

Youth Essay Competition – Egypt

To engage youth in finding innovative solutions to youth employment in Egypt, the ERF and the World Bank launched the first “Youth Essay Competition.” The competition addressed youth unemployment in ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Population Aging, Labor Mobility and Economic Growth: Evidence From MENA and the Developed World

Mehmet Serkan Tosun

This paper examines the economic effects of aging trends using a two-period, two-region OLG model and the population projections for the developed and MENA countries.  Migrant workers change the political ... read more