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Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Distribution on Accumulation, Capacity Utilization and Employment: Testing the Wage-Led Hypothesis for Turkey

Özlem Onaran and Engelbert Stockhammer

This paper analyzes the impact of distribution on accumulation, capacity utilization and employment for Turkey by estimating a post-Keynesian open economy model in a structural vector autoregression form. The need ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Labor Market Competitiveness and Flexibility in Egypt

Naglaa El-Ehwany and Manal Metwally

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the structure and performance of the labor market in Egypt, in order to assess its competitiveness. The paper also considers issues related ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Historical Legacies and Gender Attitudes in the Middle East

Veronica Kostenko, Eduard Ponarin, Musa Shteiwi and Olga Strebkova

This paper focuses on transformations of gender attitudes in a set of Arab societies covered by the Arab Barometer. We analyze age and cohort differences in thirteen countries using generalized ... read more


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Publications
Working Papers

Diversification, Employment and Development: Towards A Long-Term Strategy for an Oil-Exporting Country; The Case of Iran

Mehdi Shafaeddin

The study proposes a long-term development strategy for Iran as an oil exporting country to meet two long-term development goals: employment creation and diversification. In order to provide jobs for ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Child Work on School Enrollment in Egypt

Ragui Assaad, Deborah Levison and Nadia Zibani

The main objective of this paper is to determine the causal relationship between child work and school enrollment in Egypt while taking into account the simultaneous nature of family (or ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

From Demographic Transition to Population Boom and Bust: The Experience of Iran in The 1980s and 1990s

Hassan Hakimian

Although it is widely recognized that demographic transition is not an uninterrupted process, fertility swings have been met with curiosity among demographers and population economists. Iran’s experience of population growth ... read more


Publications

Blog & News

Entrepreneurship: Tackling Social Challenges

Egypt: Youth Essay Competition A dynamic Private Sector and Entrepreneurship are vital for growth, economic development, and job creation. In the current socioeconomic context, social entrepreneurship can play an important factor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Women’s Informal Employment in Palestine: Securing A Livelihood Against All Odds

Simel Esim and Eileen Kuttab

The article locates women’s informal employment in the Occupied Territories (OPT) in the context of the global and regional economy making a connection with the local. While it discusses Palestine ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Effect of Patriarchal Culture on Women’s Labor Force Participation

Ishac Diwan and Irina Vartanova

We show that measures of patriarchal culture are correlated with female labor force participation (FLFP) and that levels of women education, together with personal values and country norms in regard ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Arab Spring and the Employability of Youth: Early Evidence From Egypt

Irène Selwaness and Rania Roushdy

This paper investigates the school-to-work transition of young people from subsequent graduation cohorts between 2005 and 2012 in Egypt. The analysis compares the early employment ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Cash Transfers and Labor Supply: Evidence from A Large-Scale Program in Iran

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani and Mohammad H. Mostafavi-Dehzooei

We study the impact of a nation-wide unconditional cash transfer program on labor supply in Iran. In 2011, the government started monthly deposits of cash into individual family accounts amounting ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of Early Marriage on Women’s Employment in the Middle East and North Africa

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft and Irène Selwaness

Marriage is a central stage in the transition to adulthood in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This paper builds on the existing literature on the effect of marriage ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Determinants of Unemployment Duration For Men and Women

Aysit Tansel and H. Mehmet Tasci

There are few studies on unemployment duration in developing countries. This is the first study on duration aspect of unemployment in Turkey. We use the results of the Household Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

On The Impact of Labor Tax Reforms on Unemployment in Tunisia

Sami Bibi

The purpose of this paper is to study the effects of tax reforms on unemployment and wages. Since the characterization of labor market is always a problematic issue, the impact ... read more