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Publications
Policy Briefs

Measures to Protect Poor Sudanese Households from the Risks of Catastrophic Health Expenditures

Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa and Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

Due to the absence of universal health insurance coverage in Sudan, particularly among poor, out-of-pocket (OOP) health expenditure consumes a high portion from households’ incomes forcing them to cut budget’s ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

How Gender Biased Are Female-Headed Household Transfers in Egypt?

Lobna AbdelLatif, Mohamed Ramadan and Sarah Elbakry

In this paper, we claim that the policy of targeting female-headed households’ (FHHs) may generate bias against women in male-headed households (MHHs) who may be more poverty-constrained. Targeting FHHs may ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Regional Impact of Trade Liberalization on Households in Egypt, 1999-2012

Jérémie Gignoux and Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann

This paper assesses the impact of trade liberalization in Egypt by comparing regions more exposed to trade opening compared to regions that were less exposed. As each region in Egypt ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Elimination of Poverty: Challenges and Islamic Strategies

Ismail Sirageldin

Poverty is a complex phenomenon, a consequence of lack of growth and inequality. Effective policies require technical and empirical understanding of poverty that is combined with efficient institutions and a ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Measurement and Nature of Absolute Poverty in Least Development Countries

Massoud Karshenas

This paper provides new national accounts consistent poverty estimates for low-income countries. The paper compares the properties of the new estimates that are based on household survey means to existing ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Estimating Poverty and Inequality in the Absence of Consumption Data: An Application to the Middle East and North Africa

Caroline Krafft, Ragui Assaad, Hanan Nazier, Racha Ramadan, Atiyeh Vahidmanesh and Sami Zouari

Measures of consumption and poverty are critical metrics of the wellbeing of individuals, their households, communities, and countries. Collecting data on consumption and poverty is challenging and costly, and therefore ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Cash Transfers and Labor Supply: Evidence from A Large-Scale Program in Iran

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani and Mohammad H. Mostafavi-Dehzooei

We study the impact of a nation-wide unconditional cash transfer program on labor supply in Iran. In 2011, the government started monthly deposits of cash into individual family accounts amounting ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Did the Cost of Living Rise Faster for the Rural Poor?

Shireen Al Azzawi

Inflation has been rising in Egypt over the last decade reaching double digit levels. It was more pronounced in rural Egypt and might have hurt the poor especially since rising ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Evaluation de l’impact de l’Initiative Nationale pour le Développement Humain (INDH) sur la pauvreté en milieu rural au Maroc, une étude en enquête panel de ménages

Mohamed Benkassmi, Touhami Abdelkhalek and Fouzia Ejjanoui

In this paper, we conduct an impact evaluation of a great Moroccan development program of Community Driven Development type, namely the National Human Development Initiative (INDH), which aimed, among others, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Understanding and Combating Poverty: A Quest for Conceptualization, Measurment Indicators, Causes, and Empirical Methodologies

Khalid Ali El Amin

This paper reviews some selected conceptual literature on poverty issues and the various approaches to its definition, measurement, underlying causes, and empirical research methodologies used. The paper is divided into ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Poverty Causes in Sudan: Some Economic and Political Aspects 1990-2000

Khalid Ali El Amin

Despite some increases in the GDP during the second half of the 1990s, Sudan remains one of the poorest and unequal in terms of services of all African countries. The ... read more


Blog & News

Live Debate on: Free Higher Education and Equity

Keeping in tune with changing economic thought on education strategies and policies, ERF and The Tunisian Economic Association are organizing a live debate on: Free Higher Education and Equity: Does ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Energy Subsidy Reform in Egypt: The Gender – “Energy” Poverty Nexus

Fatma El-Hamidi

The purpose of this study is to quantify the effects of the current energy reform policy on household expenditures along gender and regional lines. Gender analysis helps to identify constraints ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Role of Fiscal Policy in Fighting Poverty and Reducing Inequality in Iran: An Application of the Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Framework

Ali Enami, Nora Lustig and Alireza Taqdiri

This paper evaluates the role of fiscal system in Iran in reducing poverty and inequality. We employ the marginal contribution approach in which the effect of each component of ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Tackling Poverty and Poor Health in Turkish Widowed Households State Benefits Work

Oznur Ozdamar and Eleftherios Giovanis

In a nutshell Single mother widowed households in Turkey that receive survivor benefits are more likely to improve their general health and increase household wealth than equivalent households that do not ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Exploring the Determinants of Welfare Distribution in Tunisia and Egypt Using a Welfare Generation Model

Yosr Abid-Fourati, Cathal O'Donoghue and Denisa Sologon

The present paper intends to identify the main driving factors of the distribution of welfare in Tunisia and Egypt. We present a regression-based method to compare the labor market and ... read more