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Publications
Working Papers

Who Pays More: Public, Private, Both or None? The Effects of Health Insurance Schemes and Health Reforms on Out-of-Pocket and Catastrophic Health Expenditures in Turkey

Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar

This study explores the determinants and characteristics of the out-of-pocket to capacity to pay and catastrophic health expenditures in Turkey using a detailed micro-level survey, the Household Budget Survey during ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Political Connections and Public Procurement in Turkey: Evidence from Construction Work Contracts

Esra Çeviker Gürakar and Tuba Bircan İldiri

Using a unique dataset of 17,937 high value public work construction procurements made between 2004 and 2011, this paper provides systematic evidence on favoritism in public procurement in Turkey. While ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Aligning Incentives for Reforming Higher Education in Tunisa

Mongi Boughzala, Samir Ghazouani and Abdelwahab Ben Hafaiedh

This paper is about the institutional and regulatory system governing higher education in Tunisia; its focus is on autonomy and accountability and it also compares the performance of public higher ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Pensions Reduce the Incentive to Work? Evidence From Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong

In this study, we investigate the impact of the receipt of contributory and social pensions on labor supply in Egypt using fixed-effects regressions and panel data from the Egypt Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Labor Market Effects of Pension Reform: An Overlapping Generations General Equilibrium Model Applied to Tunisia

Mouna Ben Othman and Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper develops an overlapping general equilibrium framework to capture the interactions among pension reform, labor market and inter-generational distribution issues in Tunisia. The impact on the labor market is ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Social Transfers and Income Inequality in Turkey: How Important Is the Gender Dimension?

Cem Baslevent

The main purpose of this project is to carry out descriptive analyses to determine the extent to which social transfers and pension payments have an impact on income inequality and ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Determinants of Contribution Density of the Tunisian Pension System: A Cross Sectional Analysis

Mehdi Ben Braham and Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper presents an analysis of pension coverage in Tunisia based on density contribution. This approach is justified by the fact that coverage rates usually used do not give a ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Financing Higher Education in Arab Countries

Ahmed Galal and Taher Kanaan

Education can be a powerful force in the process of speeding up economic growth, improving income distribution and facilitating upward social mobility. It could also improve the quality of life ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Development Prospects for North Africa

Ahmed Galal and Khalid Sekkat

This edition of Policy Perspective explains why the North African region has been successful in reducing poverty despite modest economic growth and explores the sustainability of past strategies in achieving ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Equality for All? Egypt’s Free Public Higher Education Policy Breeds Inequality of Opportunity

Ragui Assaad

In this edition of Policy Perspective, Research Fellow Ragui Assaad writes that the common MENA countries policy of providing free public higher education is a misguided one. He explains that ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Egypt Post January 2011: An Economic Perspective

Ahmed Galal

This paper offers a road map for future economic development in Egypt post-January 25th Revolution. It attempts to answer the following questions: Which development model should Egypt follow in the wake ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Pension Reform: Securing Morocco’s Elderly

Najat El Mekkaoui

In a nutshell Morocco has one of the lowest levels of pension benefits and health insurance in MENA. The elderly in Morocco, especially older women, represent a very vulnerable group. While Morocco ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Democracy, Democratic Consolidation and Military Spending

Ibrahim Elbadawi and Philip Keefer

We introduce two considerations into the debate about democracy and military spending. First, greater government accountability to citizens should have mixed effects on spending: reducing the component related to rent-seeking ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Public Spending Efficiency, Governance, and Political and Economic Policies: Is there a Substantial Causal Relation? Evidence from Selected MENA Countries

Riadh Brini and Hatem Jemmali

In this paper, we first seek a robust methodology for the estimation of the relative public spending efficiency of eleven Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries over the period ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Coverage Gap in the Egyptian Social Insurance System During a Period of Reforms and Revolts

Rania Roushdy and Irène Selwaness

The coverage gap in terms of access to social security coverage in Egypt has been increasing over the last decades, particularly in the private wage sector, implying that more workers ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Budgetary Institutions, Fiscal Policy, and Economic Growth: The Case of Saudi Arabia

Ashraf Galal Eid

This paper investigates budgetary and fiscal institutions in Saudi Arabia during the period 1969-2014. In addition, the study examines the impact of government expenditure on non-oil private GDP per capita ... read more