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Publications
Working Papers

The Political Economy of Fiscal Institutions and Macroeconomic Management in Sudan

Kabbashi Suliman

The literature on distributive politics indicates that many low-income countries are saddled with extractive institutions that not only contribute to politically biased fiscal outcomes, but tend to undermine long-run real ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Demographic Changes and Fiscal Policy in MENA Countries

Mehmet Serkan Tosun

In this study, I examine the links between demographic change and fiscal policy in MENA countries, focusing specifically on the economic impacts coming from the conflict between social security and ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Financing Higher Education in Arab Countries

Ahmed Galal and Taher Kanaan

Education can be a powerful force in the process of speeding up economic growth, improving income distribution and facilitating upward social mobility. It could also improve the quality of life ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Normative Approach of Upstream-Downstream Relationships in the Tourism Sector: Implication for the Tourism Policy of the South Mediterranean Countries

Riadh Ben Jelili, Hélène Cottenet and Abdelhakim Hammoudi

Abstract The paper proposes a model of a vertical relationship between Hotel owners (HOWs) and Tours operators (TOs). In a Benchmark situation, the HOWs and the TOs sell a generic good (“mass” good). ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firms Inormality: A Model and Empirical Evidence for Lebanon

Rawaa Harati

This paper tests the implications of a simple equilibrium model that describes the informal economy in Lebanon. The results suggest that informal firms are less productive, managed by less educated ... read more


Affiliates
Senior Associates

Jeffrey Nugent

Areas of Interest: Management of Fiscal Policy Institutions in Oil Rich Countries Determinants and Effects of Labor Regulations Educations: Ph.D., Economics, New School for Social Research, 1965 M.A., Economics, New ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Fiscal Manipulation in Non-democratic Regimes: The Case of Egypt

Hoda Youssef

This paper’s main objective is to examine whether fiscal policy in the pre-revolution Egypt has been systematically affected by the political budget cycle (PBC). According to the PBC theory, we ... read more