You searched for - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Search results for:


Publications
Working Papers

On the Decomposition of Economic Inequality: A Methodology and an Application to Tunisia

Mohamed Amara and Hatem Jemmali

The paper provides a detailed examination of the structure and dynamics of economic inequality in Tunisia by using harmonized micro-data from national household budget surveys for 2005 and 2010. It ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Energy Subsidy Reform in Egypt: The Gender – “Energy” Poverty Nexus

Fatma El-Hamidi

The purpose of this study is to quantify the effects of the current energy reform policy on household expenditures along gender and regional lines. Gender analysis helps to identify constraints ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of the Turkish Employment Subsidy Programs on Increasing the Level of Social Protection For Women

Binnur Balkan, Seyit Mümin Cilasun and Belgi Turan

This paper investigates the impact of the employment subsidy program implemented in 2008 by Turkish government to generate new employment opportunities for women and young men. More precisely, using a ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Role of Fiscal Policy in Fighting Poverty and Reducing Inequality in Iran: An Application of the Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Framework

Ali Enami, Nora Lustig and Alireza Taqdiri

This paper evaluates the role of fiscal system in Iran in reducing poverty and inequality. We employ the marginal contribution approach in which the effect of each component of ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Iran’s Subsidy Reform from Promise to Disappointment

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

In December 2010, Iran implemented an ambitious subsidy reform program for energy and bread. Prices on these products were raised by factors of 2 to 9 and, in compensation, households ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Trust and Prosocial Behavior in a Process of State Capacity Building: The Case of the Palestinian Territories

Luca Andriani and Fabio Sabatini

This paper contributes to the literature by conducting the first empirical investigation into the determinants of prosocial behavior in the Palestinian territories, with a focus on the role of trust ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Implementing Extended Producer Responsibility: Comparative Analysis of Packaging Waste Management

Faten Loukil and Lamia Rouached

Extended producer responsibility is an important environmental policy expected to increase producer environmental innovation through source reduction, collection effort and recyclability. Using a model of vertical differentiation, we propose to ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firms Inormality: A Model and Empirical Evidence for Lebanon

Rawaa Harati

This paper tests the implications of a simple equilibrium model that describes the informal economy in Lebanon. The results suggest that informal firms are less productive, managed by less educated ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Algeria–Mali Trade: The Normality of Informality

Sami Bensassi, Anne Brockmeyer, Mathieu Pellerin and Gael Raballand

This paper estimates the volume of informal trade between Algeria and Mali and analyzes its determinants and mechanisms, using a multi-pronged methodology. First, we discuss how subsidy policies and the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Political Connections and Tariff Evasion: Evidence from Tunisia

Bob Rijkers, Leila Baghdadi and Gael Raballand

Are politically connected firms more likely to evade taxes?  This paper presents evidence suggesting firms owned by President Ben Ali and his family were more prone to evading import tariffs. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

An Estimation of Tariff Pass-Through in Tunisia

Leila Baghdadi, Hendrik Kruse and Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso

In this paper we evaluate the extent to which changes in tariffs and in international prices are transmitted into consumer prices in Tunisia over the period 2000 to 2008. A ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

On Fuel Subsidies for Transportation Sector in Kuwait

The aim of this study is to estimate the demand for oil products in the transportation sector in Kuwait using time series data for the period 1975-2005. The results indicate ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Fiscal Manipulation in Non-democratic Regimes: The Case of Egypt

Hoda Youssef

This paper’s main objective is to examine whether fiscal policy in the pre-revolution Egypt has been systematically affected by the political budget cycle (PBC). According to the PBC theory, we ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Tax Morale and Pro-Social Behavior: Evidence from a Palestinian Survey

Luca Andriani

The Palestinian context is missing in the tax morale literature. Hence, in this paper we consider public spirit and associational activity two major expressions of pro-social behavior and we estimate ... read more