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Publications
Working Papers

Economic Voting Under Single-Party and Coalition Governments: Evidence From The Turkish Case

Ali Akarca

Strength of economic voting under single-party and coalition governments is investigated in the case of Turkey. The vote equation developed for this purpose is fitted to data covering 31 parliamentary ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Collusion Detection in Public Procurement with Limited Information

Bedri Kamil Onur Tas

Public procurement data sets usually lack detailed data that are needed to implement existing methods. We design a method to identify and test for bid rigging in procurement auctions with ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Muslim Youth Unemployment and Expat Jihadism- Bored to Death?

Moamen Gouda and Marcus Marktanner

While the presence of foreign fighters in military conflict has been a regular ingredient of jihad, never before in modern history have foreign fighters gathered at the scale and speed ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

The Political Realities of Economic Reform in the Gulf Monarchies

Michael Herb

In a nutshell • Economic diversification in the Gulf Cooperation Council monarchies requires labor market reforms. • The current conventional wisdom, from international institutions at least, requires recommends reducing citizen employment in ... read more


Publications

Publications
Working Papers

Comparing Effects of General Subsidies and Targeted Transfers on Poverty: Robustness Analysis Using Data Set from Tunisia

Sami Bibi

This paper starts by presenting a descriptive analysis of the effects of general food subsidies on poverty in Tunisia; as revealed by the household survey data for 1990. The analysis ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Debunking Myth: Economic Values in the Arab World Through the Prism of Opinion Polls

Ishac Diwan and Zafiris Tzannatos

Using World Value Survey opinion poll data, we empirically characterize the economic values and norms held by individuals in the Arab world, in comparison to values held in the rest ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Measuring Tax Effort in Arab Countries

Mohamed Nagy Eltony

Many Arab countries face difficulties in generating sufficient revenues for public expenditure and may face a budget deficit. This study makes use of pooled time-series and cross-sectional country data for ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Hiding Public Debt

Hadi Salehi Esfahani and HoeJeong Kim

This paper examines the determinants of hidden public debt—that is, government financial commitments and contingent liabilities that do not receive official recognition and explicit budgetary allocations, but are later on ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

On the Decomposition of Economic Inequality: A Methodology and an Application to Tunisia

Mohamed Amara and Hatem Jemmali

The paper provides a detailed examination of the structure and dynamics of economic inequality in Tunisia by using harmonized micro-data from national household budget surveys for 2005 and 2010. It ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Evaluation de l’impact de l’Initiative Nationale pour le Développement Humain (INDH) sur la pauvreté en milieu rural au Maroc, une étude en enquête panel de ménages

Mohamed Benkassmi, Touhami Abdelkhalek and Fouzia Ejjanoui

In this paper, we conduct an impact evaluation of a great Moroccan development program of Community Driven Development type, namely the National Human Development Initiative (INDH), which aimed, among others, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Public Value Perspective for Gender Budgeting: Evidence from Egypt

Lobna AbdelLatif, Mohamed Ramadan and Mohamed Zaky

This paper proposes a conceptual framework that relates failure of progressing in gender equality to weakness of budgetary and political institutions. Whereas, the former drift budgetary allocation away from producing ... read more


Blog & News

The Political Economy of the Private Sector in the Middle East

The MENA region suffers from a fragile private sector that is weakly connected with global markets and thrives largely under state patronage. Although extensive state-business interactions can form the basis ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Comparative Analysis of Higher Education Processes in Egypt, Jordan and Tunisia: An Examination of Pedagogy, Accountability and Perceptions of Quality

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft

In this paper, we present a comparison of several dimensions of higher education processes linked to educational quality across different types of higher education institutions in three MENA countries: Egypt, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Who Pays More: Public, Private, Both or None? The Effects of Health Insurance Schemes and Health Reforms on Out-of-Pocket and Catastrophic Health Expenditures in Turkey

Eleftherios Giovanis and Oznur Ozdamar

This study explores the determinants and characteristics of the out-of-pocket to capacity to pay and catastrophic health expenditures in Turkey using a detailed micro-level survey, the Household Budget Survey during ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Energy Subsidy Reform in Egypt: The Gender – “Energy” Poverty Nexus

Fatma El-Hamidi

The purpose of this study is to quantify the effects of the current energy reform policy on household expenditures along gender and regional lines. Gender analysis helps to identify constraints ... read more