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Publications
Working Papers

Capital Raising in the Arab World

Juan Jose Cortina Lorente, Soha Ismail and Sergio L. Schmukler

This paper provides a first documentation of how firms in Arab countries use equity, corporate bond, and syndicated loan markets to obtain finance. We compile a large dataset at the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm Financing and Growth in the Arab Region

Juan Jose Cortina Lorente, Soha Ismail and Sergio L. Schmukler

This paper provides a first analysis of the extent to which firms in the Arab region use capital markets to obtain financing and grow. It addresses two questions: First, how ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Evaluation de l’impact de l’Initiative Nationale pour le Développement Humain (INDH) sur la pauvreté en milieu rural au Maroc, une étude en enquête panel de ménages

Mohamed Benkassmi, Touhami Abdelkhalek and Fouzia Ejjanoui

In this paper, we conduct an impact evaluation of a great Moroccan development program of Community Driven Development type, namely the National Human Development Initiative (INDH), which aimed, among others, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Economic, Political and Cultural Proximity and Growth Propagation: A Network Model with Endogenous Proximity Matrix

Mohamed Mekki Ben Jemaa

The growth model at the Sala-i-Martin (1991 and 1992) fashion is revisited in order to take into account the interdependence of growth across countries based on the idea that outcomes ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Services Trade Policy and Manufacturing Productivity: The Role of Institutions

Cosimo Beverelli, Bernard Hoekman and Matteo Fiorini

We study the effect of services trade restrictions on manufacturing productivity for a broad cross-section of countries at different stages of economic development. Decreasing services trade restrictiveness has a positive ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Deeper Integration of Goods, Services, Capital and Labor Markets: A Policy Research Agenda for the MENA Region

Bernard Hoekman and Khalid Sekkat

This report aims at providing ERF with a sound basis for selecting and designing a research program over the next 3-5 years for one of the major themes of the ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Overlapping Trade Agreements: Status and Challenges for Morocco

Lahcen Achy and Khalid Sekkat

Signing multiple trade agreements has become the rule for most countries, and Morocco is no exception to that rule. The Kingdom is therefore now involved in a complex network of ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

The Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of Overlapping Preferential Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries: The Case of Egypt

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din and Ahmed Ghoneim

Egypt, a contracting signatory of the GATT since 1970, has remained an active member where it has always led the developing countries, together with India and Brazil, in their demands. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

BRICS vs. MENA Countries: Mapping Out Threats and Opportunities

Marouane Alaya, Imed Mezghani and Azzouz Zouaoui

The rising economic and political power of the BRICS countries cannot be neglected or ignored. Without doubt, it is difficult to believe that this growing power will have no effect ... read more