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Publications
Working Papers

Demographic Changes and Fiscal Policy in MENA Countries

Mehmet Serkan Tosun

In this study, I examine the links between demographic change and fiscal policy in MENA countries, focusing specifically on the economic impacts coming from the conflict between social security and ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do International Remittances Affect the Performance of Labor Market in Jordan? An Empirical Investigation

Ghazi Alassaf

The current study examines the effect of international remittances on labor supply decisions of women and men left behind in Jordan. The study draws on micro-data from the Jordan Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Upward or Downward: Occupational Mobility and Return Migration

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba

We study the extent to which temporary overseas migration enables returnees to climb the occupational ladder. Using data from Egypt, we examine the occupational mobility of returnees relative to non-migrants ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Patterns of Veiling Among Muslim Women

Ishac Diwan and Jeni Klugman

This paper exploits a unique source of data, the Gallup World Poll, and is the first cross-country empirical investigation of veiling patterns in Muslim-majority countries, complementing a rich literature on ... read more


Publications

Publications
Working Papers

The Impact Of Capital and Remittance Flows on Economic Performance in MENA Countries

Magda Kandil and Ida Mirzaie

Abstract Using data for a sample of developing countries, we analyze the effects of external flows, namely migrants' remittances and FDI flows, on real output growth, price inflation, and components of aggregate demand. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

BIT Contracting and FDI Impact in the GCC Countries

Wasseem Mina

Abstract The rationale for GCC countries increasingly contracting of BITs is controversial. This paper empirically examines the short term and long term impact BITs contracting on FDI and distinguishes it by the income ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Export Orientation and Exchange Rate Changes: Do Firms React Differently and Why?

Khalid Sekkat

Abstract This paper uses firm level data from 28 developing countries to examine the relationship between manufactured firms’ export orientation and exchange rate. The analysis incorporates the role of firm heterogeneity ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

FDI Contribution to Technical Efficiency in the Tunisian Manufacturing Sector

Sofiane Ghali and Sami Rezgui

Abstract This paper investigates the contribution of FDI to firms' technical efficiency by applying two empirical methodologies over the same sample of firms. Using a panel data for 674 firms belonging to the ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Deeper Integration of Goods, Services, Capital and Labor Markets: A Policy Research Agenda for the MENA Region

Bernard Hoekman and Khalid Sekkat

This report aims at providing ERF with a sound basis for selecting and designing a research program over the next 3-5 years for one of the major themes of the ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Liberalization of Transport Services in Egypt, Jordan and Morocco

Subidey Togan

This report is about economic liberalization of maritime and road transportation services. It is made up of two papers emanating from work that began with the FEMISE project “Impact of ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

The Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of Overlapping Preferential Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries: The Case of Tunisia

Mohamed Chemingui and Mohamed Ali Marouani

Ten years following the implementation of major trade reforms in Tunisia, and especially in the aftermath of the Uruguay Round Agreements in the context of the WTO and the partnership ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Overlapping Trade Agreements: Status and Challenges for Morocco

Lahcen Achy and Khalid Sekkat

Signing multiple trade agreements has become the rule for most countries, and Morocco is no exception to that rule. The Kingdom is therefore now involved in a complex network of ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

The Assessment of Implementation of Regional Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries and the Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of their Overlapping. Case Study: Jordan

Ibrahim Saif and Simon Neaime

New economic and legislative reforms have been introduced in Jordan aiming at modernizing the Jordanian economy. In November 2001, a new socio-economic plan announced by the government expressed the need ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

The Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of Overlapping Preferential Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries: The Case of Egypt

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din and Ahmed Ghoneim

Egypt, a contracting signatory of the GATT since 1970, has remained an active member where it has always led the developing countries, together with India and Brazil, in their demands. ... read more


Publications
Policy Research Reports

Issues Paper on the Assessment of Implementation of Regional Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries and the Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of their Overlapping: The case of Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia

Hanaa Kheir-El-Din

During the last fifteen years, Arab countries have signed a number of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) and have strived for joining the World Trade Organization (WTO), in an attempt to ... read more