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Publications
Working Papers

Investment Climate and Firms’ Exports in Egypt: When Politics Matter

Nora Aboushady and Chahir Zaki

The objective of this paper is to explore the nexus between exports performance and components of the investment climate. This paper contribution is twofold: first, the paper fills the gap ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

I’ve Got the Power: Mapping Connections between Lebanon’s Banking Sector and the Ruling Class

Jad Chaaban

This paper explores the extent to which local commercial banks in Lebanon are linked to the country’s political class, and how this impacts their efficiency and sovereign risk exposure. By ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Trade between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia: Prospects and Challenges for Trilateral Trade Integration

Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla

Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia possess potential natural and human resources, which can entail successful trade integration between the three countries. This paper investigates the performance of trilateral trade between Egypt, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Oil Prices and the Global Economy: Is It Different This Time Around?

Kamiar Mohaddes and Hashem Pesaran

The recent plunge in oil prices has brought into question the generally accepted view that lower oil prices are good for the US and the global economy. In this paper, ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Economic, Political and Cultural Proximity and Growth Propagation: A Network Model with Endogenous Proximity Matrix

Mohamed Mekki Ben Jemaa

The growth model at the Sala-i-Martin (1991 and 1992) fashion is revisited in order to take into account the interdependence of growth across countries based on the idea that outcomes ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Are Export Sanctions Effective?

Jamal Ibrahim Haidar

In a nutshell Different countries impose export sanctions. Whether these sanctions are effective depends on their goal. This policy brief highlights that, if the goal of export sanctions is to reduce total ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Policy in Arab Resource-Rich Economies

Adeel Malik

Revisiting macroeconomic policies and outcomes of Arab resource-rich economies (RREs), this paper synthesizes the political economy considerations that underpin policy choices. The paper argues that, in the context of Arab ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Is Tunisian Trade Policy Pro-Poor?

Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso, Leila Baghdadi and Hendrik Kruse

The main aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of Tunisian trade policy on household welfare. We use the recently released household survey data in combination with estimated ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Politics of Global Value Chains

Julian Hinz and Elsa Leromain

The proliferation of global value chains makes the domestic production of goods increasingly dependent on inputs from foreign sources. Political tensions between countries have an impact on trade costs as ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Is MENA Different? An Investigation of the Host Country Determinants of Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment

Rania Miniesy and Eman Elish

The objectives of this paper are twofold; to investigate the host country determinants of Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI) in general and to examine, given these determinants, if Chinese ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Demographic Changes and Fiscal Policy in MENA Countries

Mehmet Serkan Tosun

In this study, I examine the links between demographic change and fiscal policy in MENA countries, focusing specifically on the economic impacts coming from the conflict between social security and ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Boosting World Trade in Tunisia and Egypt by Cutting Non-Tariff Barriers Better Imports for Better Exports

Zouhour Karray

In a nutshell Egypt and Tunisia have embraced trade liberalization which has helped them establish a successful export-focused strategy. However, the cost of non-tariff measures (NTMs) — policy measures other than ordinary ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do International Remittances Affect the Performance of Labor Market in Jordan? An Empirical Investigation

Ghazi Alassaf

The current study examines the effect of international remittances on labor supply decisions of women and men left behind in Jordan. The study draws on micro-data from the Jordan Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Services Trade Policy and Manufacturing Productivity: The Role of Institutions

Cosimo Beverelli, Bernard Hoekman and Matteo Fiorini

We study the effect of services trade restrictions on manufacturing productivity for a broad cross-section of countries at different stages of economic development. Decreasing services trade restrictiveness has a positive ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Upward or Downward: Occupational Mobility and Return Migration

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba

We study the extent to which temporary overseas migration enables returnees to climb the occupational ladder. Using data from Egypt, we examine the occupational mobility of returnees relative to non-migrants ... read more


Publications
Policy Briefs

Trade Liberalization in Egypt: Let the Informal Labor Market Take the Strain

Abeer Elshennawy

In a nutshell Egypt should embark on trade liberalization as it currently has maintains relatively high tariff barriers. One barrier to further liberalization is the likely impact on jobs in a country ... read more