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Publications
Policy Briefs

Reforming Rules of Origin in Greater Arab Free Trade Area for Effective Economic Integration

Bashar Hikmet Malkawi

Free trade agreements are about reducing tariffs, market access in services, protection of intellectual property rights, streamlining customs procedures, trade remedy measures, and dispute settlement mechanism. Equally important if not ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Race to the Top: Institutional Clusters and World FDI Shares

Wasseem Mina

The literature on the institutions-FDI nexus has treated the influence of institutions independently of each other. This implies they are not related to one another both theoretically and empirically, an ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm Productivity, Technology and Export Status, What Can We Learn from Egyptian Industries?

Mohamed El Arbi Chaffai and Patrick Plane

We explore to what extent the export status and technological choices are related to firm Total Factor Productivity (TFP). Egyptian industrial firms are investigated for the period 2003-2008. The dataset ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Return Migrants and the Wage Premium: Does the Legal Status of Migrants Matter?

Nelly El-Mallakh and Jackline Wahba

This paper examines the long-term impact of the legal status of overseas temporary migrants. Using unique data from Egypt, where we are able to distinguish between return migrants according to ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Standards and Market Power: Evidence from Tunisia

Hendrik Kruse, Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso and Leila Baghdadi

We develop a theoretical model and derive conditions under which firms with market power try to influence the setting of quality standards and describe the political equilibrium. We show that ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy

Kamiar Mohaddes and Mehdi Raissi

This paper investigates the global macroeconomic consequences of falling oil prices due to the oil revolution in the United States, using a Global VAR model estimated for 38 countries/regions over ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

In Search of A New Development Model For Tunisia: Assessing the Performance of the Offshore Regime

Leila Baghdadi, Sonia Ben Kheder and Hassen Arouri

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the offshore regime in Tunisia and to assess the overall effects of this export promoting strategy for the years 2002-2014. Using ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Fiscal- Monetary Interdependence and Exchange Rate Regimes in Oil Dependent Arab Economies

Ibrahim Elbadawi, Mohamed Goaied and Moez Ben Tahar

This paper contributes to the literature on the interdependence between fiscal and monetary policies in resource-dependent economies.  In the context of this general theme we analyze the fiscal foundation of ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Oil, Volatility and Institutions: Cross-Country Evidence From Major Oil Producers

Amany El Anshasy, Kamiar Mohaddes and Jeffrey Nugent

This paper examines the long-run effects of oil revenue and its volatility on economic growth as well as the role of institutions in this relationship. We collect annual and monthly ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Muslim Youth Unemployment and Expat Jihadism- Bored to Death?

Moamen Gouda and Marcus Marktanner

While the presence of foreign fighters in military conflict has been a regular ingredient of jihad, never before in modern history have foreign fighters gathered at the scale and speed ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Currency-Plus-Commodity Basket: A Proposal for Exchange Rates in Oil-exporting Countries to Accommodate Trade Shocks Automatically

Jeffrey A. Frankel

The paper proposes an exchange rate regime for oil-exporting countries. The goal is to achieve the best of both flexible and fixed exchange rates.  The arrangement is designed to deliver ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of the Fracking Boom on Arab Oil Producers

Lutz Kilian

This paper makes four contributions.  First, it investigates the extent to which the U.S. fracking boom has caused Arab oil exports to decline since late 2008. Second, the paper quantifies ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Regional Impact of Trade Liberalization on Households in Egypt, 1999-2012

Jérémie Gignoux and Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann

This paper assesses the impact of trade liberalization in Egypt by comparing regions more exposed to trade opening compared to regions that were less exposed. As each region in Egypt ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Revisiting the Impact of Trade Openness on Informal and Irregular Employment in Egypt

Mélika Ben Salem and Chahir Zaki

This paper examines the impact of trade openness on job quality through the evolution of the shares of informal and irregular employment in total employment. In fact, Egypt has undertaken ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Sovereign Wealth Funds Dampen the Negative Effects of Commodity Price Volatility?

Kamiar Mohaddes and Mehdi Raissi

This paper studies the impact of commodity terms of trade (CToT) volatility on economic growth (and its sources) in a sample of 69 commodity-dependent countries, and assesses the role of ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of Euro-Mediterranean Partnership on Jordan’s and Palestine’s Agricultural Sectors from A Water Perspective: The Case of Horticultural Exports to EU Markets

Amer Jabarin, Mohannad Sahawneh, Laith Assaf and Seyfeddin Muaz

This study aims at examining how the Euro-Mediterranean partnership would affect the strategies of the Government of Jordan and the Palestine National Authority towards developing their agricultural sectors. Two analytical ... read more