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Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs): Stabilization, Investment Strategies and Lessons for The Arab Countries

ERF has organized a workshop on Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs), in Washington, USA in collaboration with The World Bank, on September 10-11, 2016. In view of their dependence on temporary and ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

Sovereign Wealth Funds: Stabilization, Investment Strategies and Lessons for The Arab Countries

ERF has organized a workshop on Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs), in Washington, USA in collaboration with The World Bank, on September 10-11, 2016.   In view of their dependence on temporary and ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality of Opportunity in Wages and Consumption in Egypt

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, John Roemer and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

We provide in this paper measures of inequality of opportunity of wages and consumption for Egypt at different points in time from 1988 to 2012. A standard way of measuring ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality of Opportunity in Income and Consumption: The Middle East and North Africa Region in Comparative Perspective

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, John Roemer and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

Social justice has been a central theme in the political turmoil affecting the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Perplexingly, standard measures of inequality are not particularly high for MENA ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Out of Pocket Education Expenditure and Household Budget: Evidence from Arab Countries

Reham Rizk and Hala Abou-Ali

The paper attempts to present a comparative study for patterns of household expenditure on education using different groups of population. The paper based its empirics on cross sectional evidence from ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Algeria and the Natural Resource Curse: Oil Abundance and Economic Growth

Sidi Mohamed Chekouri and Abderrahim Chibi

Abstract In this paper we examine the interaction between oil-export revenue and long-run economic growth in Algeria during the period from 1979 until 2013. Our empirical analysis shows that oil ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Macroeconomic Policy and Unemployment by Economic Activity: Evidence from Turkey

Hakan Berument, Nukhet Dogan and Aysit Tansel

Abstract This paper investigates how macroeconomic policy shocks in Turkey affect the total unemployment and provides evidence on the differential responses of the unemployment by sectors of economic activity. Our paper extends the ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Illegal Trade in the Iranian Economy: Evidence from a Structural Model

Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

Abstract This study investigates the main causes and indicators of smuggling in both import and export sections of the Iranian Economy and estimates an absolute index of smuggling in Iran during the period ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

The Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment to Arab Countries

Pierre-Guillaume Méon and Khalid Sekkat

This policy perspective examines the issue of attracting foreign direct investment (FDI) to the Arab countries. FDI enjoys a positive reputation among researchers and policymakers. It has been attributed a ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment in Arab Countries

Pierre-Guillaume Méon and Khalid Sekkat

Although the growth of per capita real income in the Arab world has markedly improved since the mid-1990s, it remains much lower than in many East Asia and Pacific countries. ... read more


Publications
Policy Perspectives

Why the Unemployment Rate is a Misleading Indicator of Labor Market Health in Egypt

Ragui Assaad and Caroline Krafft

Policy discussions about the health of the economy and the labor market in Egypt often focus almost exclusively on one indicator, namely the unemployment rate. This policy perspective argues that the ... read more


Events
Workshops/Seminars

The Economics of Informality in The ERF Region

The recent Arab Awakening is seen by many analysts to partially reflect economic exclusion. One form of exclusion is informality of both workers and firms. Workers in the informal sector ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Employment Intensity of Output Growth in Tunisia and Its Determinants

Rim Mouelhi and Monia Ghazali

Since January 2011, Tunisia has been implementing a transition to democracy. This paper addresses the issue of unemployment, which underpinned the revolution and has become a nation-wide priority. This research ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

MSEs Informality and Productivity: Evidence From Egypt

Hala Abou-Ali and Reham Rizk

This paper assesses the impact of informality on household enterprise performance in terms of productivity and size of output. Furthermore, it pinpoints informality determinants with respect to different types of ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Reforming Employment Protection in Egypt: An Evaluation Based on Transition Models with Measurement Errors

François Langot and Shaimaa Yassin

Do reforms introducing more flexibility in developing countries’ labor markets reduce unemployment? This paper proposes to evaluate the new Egyptian labor market law, which was introduced in 2003, aiming to ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Pros and Cons of Formalizing Informal MSES in the Palestinian Economy

Belal Fallah

The objective of this paper is to explore the factors that affect the size of the Palestinian informal sector, including the costs and benefits associated with informality or formality, and ... read more