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Publications
Working Papers

Correlates of Kin Marriage in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia

Rania Salem and Sarah Shah

Although kin marriage is widely practiced in the MENA, the rationales that are thought to motivate kin marriage have not been widely tested. We test three rationales for kin unions ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Moroccan Cronyism: Facts, Mechanisms and Impact

Mohammed Said Saadi

The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on Moroccan cronyism by studying its manifestation and impact in the manufacturing sector. More specifically, it attempts to find out ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality of Opportunity in Higher Education in the Middle East and North Africa

Caroline Krafft and Halimat Alawode

Problems with inequality have been at the forefront of recent events in the Middle East and North Africa region. Yet by conventional measures such as wages and consumption, inequality is ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Energy Subsidy Reform in Egypt: The Gender – “Energy” Poverty Nexus

Fatma El-Hamidi

The purpose of this study is to quantify the effects of the current energy reform policy on household expenditures along gender and regional lines. Gender analysis helps to identify constraints ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Political Connections Reduce Job Creation? Evidence from Lebanon

Ishac Diwan and Jamal Ibrahim Haidar

Using firm-level census data, we determine how politically-connected firms (PCFs) reduce job creation in Lebanon. After observing that large firms account for the bulk of net job creation, we find ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality of Opportunities among Tunisian Children over Time and Space

Hatem Jemmali

This paper attempts to provide additional light on the structure and dynamics of inequality of opportunity among Tunisian children during the period 2005-2010. The main steps involved in the analysis ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Firm and Regional Factors of Productivity: A Multilevel Analysis of Tunisian Manufacturing

Mohamed Amara and Khaled Thabet

In this paper, we use multilevel models to simultaneously analyze individual, sectoral and regional characteristics that might affect the total factor productivity of Tunisian manufacturing firms for the period 1998-2004. ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Impact of Institutional Blockholders on Voluntary Disclosure and Transparency: The Case of Egypt

Doaa El-Diftar, Eleri Jones and Mohamed Moustafa Soliman

Disclosure and transparency are crucial elements in the improvement of overall corporate governance.  Disclosure is a very important mean of communication between management and outside investors.  This study investigates how ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Is Tunisian Trade Policy Pro-Poor?

Inmaculada Martinez-Zarzoso, Leila Baghdadi and Hendrik Kruse

The main aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of Tunisian trade policy on household welfare. We use the recently released household survey data in combination with estimated ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Alternative Simulations of Equalization Transfers in Sudan

NourEldin A. Maglad and Eisa A.M. Elshwin

Federal transfers in the Sudan are key to reducing regional disparities and addressing marginalization. While more resources have been directed to the sub-national levels since the adoption of the federal ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Informal Competition, Firms’ Productivity and Policy Reforms in Egypt

Nesma Ali and Boris Najman

This paper investigates the effect of the competition stemmed from informal firms on formal firms’ productivity in Egypt. Using the World Bank’s Enterprise Surveys, we update the two-step methodology of ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Do Pensions Reduce the Incentive to Work? Evidence From Egypt

Mohamed El Hedi Arouri and Nguyen Viet Cuong

In this study, we investigate the impact of the receipt of contributory and social pensions on labor supply in Egypt using fixed-effects regressions and panel data from the Egypt Labor ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

The Role of Fiscal Policy in Fighting Poverty and Reducing Inequality in Iran: An Application of the Commitment to Equity (CEQ) Framework

Ali Enami, Nora Lustig and Alireza Taqdiri

This paper evaluates the role of fiscal system in Iran in reducing poverty and inequality. We employ the marginal contribution approach in which the effect of each component of ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Labor Market Effects of Pension Reform: An Overlapping Generations General Equilibrium Model Applied to Tunisia

Mouna Ben Othman and Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper develops an overlapping general equilibrium framework to capture the interactions among pension reform, labor market and inter-generational distribution issues in Tunisia. The impact on the labor market is ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality Decomposition in the Arab Region: Application to Jordan, Egypt, Palestine and Tunisia

Racha Ramadan, Vladimir Hlasny and Vito Intini

Economic inequality across socio-demographic groups in the Arab region is high and growing. This paper evaluates the differentials in household expenditures across rural/urban areas, female/male-headed households, non-educated/educated-headed households and non-employed/employed-headed ... read more


Publications
Working Papers

Inequality of Opportunity in Wages and Consumption in Egypt

Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft, John Roemer and Djavad Salehi-Isfahani

We provide in this paper measures of inequality of opportunity of wages and consumption for Egypt at different points in time from 1988 to 2012. A standard way of measuring ... read more