Understanding The Dynamics of Household Enterprises in Egypt: Birth, Death, Growth and Transformation - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

Understanding The Dynamics of Household Enterprises in Egypt: Birth, Death, Growth and Transformation

Caroline Krafft


Date:
March, 2016

NO.
983

Length:
45 pages

Topic:
J2. Demand and Supply of Labor
J1. Demographic Economics

Micro and small household enterprises play an enormous role in growth and employment in developing economies such as Egypt. Despite the importance of household enterprises, little is known about the creation, survival, and growth of such enterprises. This paper examines the dynamics of household enterprises, using household panel data from 1998, 2006, and 2012 in Egypt. As well as identifying the patterns of enterprise creation, dissolution, and growth, the paper identifies the individual, household, and enterprise characteristics that contribute to these dynamics. The findings demonstrate that the recent economic downturn in Egypt had a strong negative effect on household enterprise survival as well as employment growth within surviving enterprises.

ملخص

المشروعات الأسرية متناهية الصغر والصغيرة تلعب دورا كبيرا في النمو وفرص العمل في الاقتصادات النامية مثل مصر. وعلى الرغم من أهمية المشاريع الأسرية ، فاننا لا نعرف سوى القليل عن إنشاء وبقاء، ونمو هذه الشركات. وتناولت هذه الورقة ديناميات المشاريع الأسرية، وذلك باستخدام بيانات المسح التتبعى الأسرى لأعوام 1998، 2006، و 2012 في مصر. وبالتعرف على أنماط إنشاء المؤسسة، وحلها ونموها، حددت الورقة الخصائص الفردية والأسرية والمؤسسية المؤثرة في هذه الديناميات. و تثبت النتائج أن الانكماش الاقتصادي الأخير في مصر كان له تأثير سلبي قوي على بقاء المؤسسة المنزلية، فضلا عن نمو العمالة داخل المشروعات الأسرية التي لا تزال قائمة.

Caroline Krafft


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