The impact of militarization on gender inequality and female labor force participation - Economic Research Forum (ERF)

The impact of militarization on gender inequality and female labor force participation

Adem Elveren and Valentine M. Moghadam


Date:
June, 2019

NO.
1307

Topic:
B54. Feminist Economics
H56. National Security and War
J16. Economics of Gender • Non-labor Discrimination

Feminist research has revealed significant relationships between militarization, patriarchy, and gender inequality. This paper takes that research forward through an empirical analysis of the impact of militarization on gender inequality and on women’s participation in the labor market.

Using the Gender Inequality Index and the Global Militarization Index for the period of 1990-2017 for 133 countries, the paper shows that higher militarization is significantly correlated with higher gender inequality and lower level of female labor force participation rate, controlling for major variables such as conflict, democracy level, regime type, fertility rate, and urbanization rate. The results are significant in the case of Islam and MENA countries, and with respect to countries with different income levels.

Research Fellows

Adem Elveren

Assistant Professor, Fitchburg State University


Authors

Valentine M. Moghadam

Northeastern University, MA


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